What is and what is the Ethernet Cable for and how to connect it? What Types are Better?

In our world it is closely related to computing in the digital age and it is inevitable to be related to so many terms. How the use of networks and how they are connected with ethernet cables, discover which are the best.

What is an Ethernet cable and what is it for?

Most of today’s devices are connected via wireless networks, but the use of ethernet cable is still common. The most widely used cabling format is usually crossover and they are very useful for long-distance connected networks.

Ethernet cables allow you to connect any device such as computers, printers, routers, servers, etc. Through them, users can share information and have access to the Internet.

They tend to have a great advantage over wireless networks as they tend to suffer less interference, although they are not prone to errors . In addition, it can transfer information up to 100 meters away and achieve a transfer speed of up to 40,000 Mbps with Category 8 cables.

Ethernet cable types

UTP (Unshieded Twisted Pair) are twisted pair cables without any shielding or aluminum braiding. It is one of the cheapest on the market and one of the most flexible due to the materials used for its manufacture.

They are usually more vulnerable than other models and can also suffer from interference. It is not recommended for long distances as it could be damaged and deteriorate faster.

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STP (Shielded Twisted Pairs) better known as shielded twisted pair cable. They have a shield made of conductive polymer, copper, or another type of conductor.

Shielding allows you to reduce noise in data transfer and increases connection quality. They are also usually a bit stiffer than UTP cables.

FTP (Foiled Twisted Pairs) or foil twisted pair. It is very similar to the STP cable, but its shield is made of foil which makes it much more stable.

Ethernet cables by category

All ethernet cables have a series of data engraved on the surface that identifies their characteristics such as category or “CAT”. This value defines the transmission frequency and the transmission speed .

  • CAT 5: 100 MHz frequency and 100 Mbps speed
  • CAT 5E: 100 MHz frequency and 1,000 Mbps speed
  • CAT 6: 250 MHz frequency and 1,000 Mbps speed
  • CAT 6A: 500 MHz frequency and 10,000 Mbps speed
  • CAT 7: 600 MHz frequency and 10,000 Mbps speed
  • CAT 7A: 1,000 MHz frequency and 10,000 Mbps speed
  • CAT 8: 2,000 MHz frequency and 40,000 Mbps speed

What kind of ethernet cables are better?

The network cable that you are going to choose for your network will depend on your needs, the type of network and even the distance it will cover. Another determining factor is whether the network will be for domestic use or will be in a work environment.

  • Cables for business use. The most recommended are those of CAT 6 or 7 since they offer greater support in data transmission.
  • Cables for domestic use. With this type of network, an inexpensive CAT 5 or 6 cable will suffice since it will not be used over long distances, nor will it be exposed to so many environmental factors.
  • High connection speeds. If the service contracted with your ISP is higher than 1Gb, it is advisable to use CAT 6 cables onwards.
  • Connected devices. Take into account the number of users that will be connected to the network and what types of files will be transferred over the network.
  • Router type. Another important point is to know the devices that will be connected, there are routers that do not support Ethernet cable connections greater than 100 Mbps and you will not be getting the most out of the network.
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